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Hotbird satellite frequency settings for dbs

  • Page 1

    RANGER TV & SATELLITE ANALYSER - 0 MI1914 -...

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    User has to click on this icon to watch the video. All videos are in the PROMAX channel on, which is accessible through the PROMAX website at: www.promaxelectronics.com...

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    What's new in manual version 8.0 New tool: Field Strength meter. Improvement in importing files tool. New constellation zoom. New function for controlling JESS devices. PER measurement. Badwidth power and link margin measurement. PEAK and RMS detector type. New tool: "Discover FM Stations". Reference capture in Spectrum Analyser.

  • Page 4

    SAFETY RULES The safety could not be assured if the instructions for use are not closely followed. Use this equipment connected only to systems with their negative of measurement connected to ground potential. The AL-103 external DC charger is a Class I equipment, for safety reasons plug it to a supply line with the corresponding ground terminal.

  • Page 5

    Symbols related with safety: Descriptive Examples of Over-Voltage Categories Cat I Low voltage installations isolated from the mains. Cat II Portable domestic installations. Cat III Fixed domestic installations. Cat IV Industrial installations. December 2014...

  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    T A B L E O F C O N T E N T S 1 INTRODUCTION ..................1-1 1.1 Description ..................1-1 2 SETTING UP ................... 2-3 2.1 Package Content ................2-3 2.2 Power ................... 2-4 2.2.1 First charge................2-4 2.2.2 Charging the battery ..............

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    6 GENERAL MENU OPTIONS ..............6-56 6.1 F1: Tuning..................6-56 6.2 F2: Signal Parameters ..............6-60 6.3 F3: Tools ..................6-61 TOOLS....................7-63 7.1 Constellation.................7-63 7.1.1 Description ................7-63 7.1.2 Operation .................7-63 7.1.3 Menu Options ................7-65 7.2 LTE Ingress test ................7-66 7.2.1 Description ................7-66 7.2.2 Operation .................7-66 7.2.3 Menu options ................7-68 7.3 Echoes ..................7-68...

  • Page 8

    7.10 Export key..................7-94 7.10.1 Description ................7-94 7.10.2 Operation .................7-94 7.11 Explore Channel Plan ..............7-96 7.11.1 Description ................7-96 7.11.2 Operation .................7-96 7.12 Discover FM stations ..............7-99 7.12.1 Description ................7-99 7.12.2 Operation .................7-99 7.13 Field Strength ................7-102 7.13.1 Description ................7-102 7.13.2 Operation ................

  • Page 9: Introduction

    RANGER 1 INTRODUCTION Description The new is the sixth generation of field meters that PROMAX RANGER launches. As each new generation, it represents an evolution from the previous, since it integrates the latest technological innovations and develops applications for the new demands and needs that have emerged in recent years.

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    Besides the basic functions of TV meter and spectrum analyser for terrestrial and satellite band, it provides additional tools, such as the detection of 4G signal interferences (some of its working frequencies are close to the TV bands), the diagrams constellations or the echoes detection. has an application to manage data generated at each RANGER installation.

  • Page 11: Setting Up

    2 SETTING UP Package Content Check that your package contains the following elements: Analyser. RANGER External DC charger. Mains cord for external DC charger. Car lighter charger. "F" Adapters (3 units). • "F" / H - BNC / H Adapter. •...

  • Page 12: Power

    Power is powered by a 7.2 V built-in rechargeable Li-Ion battery of RANGER high quality and long operation time. This equipment can operate on battery or connected to the mains using a DC adapter. An adapter is also supplied to use with the power connector car (cigarette lighter).

  • Page 13: Charge/discharge Times

    When the equipment is connected to the mains, the CHARGER indicator remains on. This indicator changes its colour according to the percentage of battery charge: Less than 80% of charge. ORANGE Between 80% and 90% of charge. GREEN 100% full charge. When switching on the equipment, the battery voltage is checked.

  • Page 14: Usage Tips

    Usage Tips The battery is losing storage capacity as you go through its life. Contact your PROMAX distributor when necessary to replace the battery. To prolong battery life the user should follow these tips: In case of providing a long inactivity period of the equipment it is advisable to make every 3 months a charge / discharge cycle and a subsequent partial charge (40% aprox.).

  • Page 15: Equipment Details

    Equipment Details Front View Figure 4. December 2014...

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    Lateral view Figure 5. Top view Figure 6. Optical Option. Refer to annex. December 2014...

  • Page 17: Switching On/off The Equipment

    Switching On/Off the equipment This analyser is designed for use as a portable equipment and it does not require any previous installation. Switching On: ► Slide for a while (approximately one second) the power slide switch located on the left side of the equipment. When all indicators light up at once release the switch, which returns to its rest position.

  • Page 18: Screen Icons And Dialog Boxes

    Screen Icons and Dialog boxes On the screen are some icons that provide useful information to the user about the current status of the instrument. Battery charging. Warning. Battery not charging. Yellow level indicates USB flash drive inserted. charge left. Battery not charging, LTE filter enabled.

  • Page 19: Menu Tree

    Menu Tree SPECTRUM ANALYSER MENU Only available for digital channels Only available for analogue channels Option available for terrestrial band Option available for satellite band 2-11 December 2014...

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    TV MENU MEASUREMENT MENU Only available for digital channels Only available for analogue channels Option available for terrestrial band Option available for satellite band 2-12 December 2014...

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    SETTINGS MENU Option available for terrestrial band Option available for satellite band 2-13 December 2014...

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    INSTALLATIONS MANAGEMENT PREFERENCES MENU Figure 7. 2-14 December 2014...

  • Page 23: Controls

    Controls The equipment has been designed to be an easy tool to use. For this reason the number of keys has been reduced and these are grouped by function. The menu navigation includes hints that appear when the cursor is placed on an disabled (grayed) option for a while.

  • Page 24: Keyboard Shortcuts

    Using the ECHOES tool, the joystick is also multifunctional: CH or FR: Channel (CH) change or frequency (FR) change (according to the ► tune selected: tune by channel or tune by frequency). Echo change. ► According to the selected function, the joystick will do a specific action. 2.7.2 Keyboard shortcuts Management Keys...

  • Page 25

    Function keys ► On the left side there are 3 keys to access the most important functions of the equipment. Measurement key. Spectrum Analyser key. TV Mode Key. The active function on screen is indicated by the LED next to the function key. Pressing a key repeatedly provides access to a different view within the same function.

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    Measurements Figure 10. FULL MEASUREMENT Figure 11. MEASUREMENT + TV + SPECTRUM Figure 12. MEASUREMENT + PARAMETERS 2-18 December 2014...

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    Spectrum Analyser Figure 13. SPECTRUM + MEASUREMENT Figure 14. SPECTRUM + MEASUREMENT + TV Figure 15. FULL SPECTRUM 2-19 December 2014...

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    TV Mode Figure 16. FULL TV Figure 17. TV + SPECTRUM + MEASUREMENT Figure 18. TV + SERVICE DATA 2-20 December 2014...

  • Page 29: Softkeys

    2.7.3 Softkeys There are four programmable keys, also called softkeys, numbered from Each key provides access to a menu. This menu varies depending on the function the user is working on the meter. The menu is displayed on each softkey at the bottom of the screen. Figure 19.

  • Page 30: Stealthid Function: Signal Auto-identification

    To edit the file name user should follow these steps: Using the joystick, place the cursor over the text box where the name appears. Move the cursor to place it next to the letter that user wants to edit. Move the joystick on the virtual keyboard to edit. To delete a letter, move the cursor to the right side of the letter and then press the joystick on the Delete key or press...

  • Page 31

    Then, the user only has to follow these steps in order to identify a signal: Press the Preferences key for 1 second. In the StealthID tab, select the signal types to auto-identify (see "Menu tree" figure 7). By default all them are selected. Press the key to save the changes made and the key to exit the Preferences screen.

  • Page 32: Equipment Settings And Configuration

    Equipment Settings and Configuration 2.9.1 Settings Menu Press the Settings key to access the settings menu. Depending on the selected band, the menu may be different. Figure 21. A brief explanation of each option available on the menu: Band (available for satellite and terrestrial band) ►...

  • Page 33

    External power supply (available for terrestrial and satellite band) ► It enables or disables the power supplied to external units such as preamplifiers for antennas in terrestrial television or LNBs and FI simulators in the case of satellite TV. When this option is enabled the equipment applies at the output the voltage selected by the user in the Supply Voltage option (see below).

  • Page 34: Video & Audio Settings

    SatCR (only available for satellite band) ► It enables or disables the SatCR function (Satellite Channel Router) to control devices satellite installation that supports this technology (see chapter "CONNECTING TO EXTERNAL DEVICES"). JESS (only available for satellite band) ► It enables or disables JESS mode (JULTEC Enhanced Stacking System) to control devices in a satellite TV installation which must be compatible with this technology (see chapter "CONNECTING TO EXTERNAL DEVICES").

  • Page 35: Preferences Menu

    A brief explanation of each option available on the menu: Volume ► It increases or decreases the volume of the speaker audio output by moving the joystick to the right (+ volume) or left (- volume). Brightness ► It increases or decreases the screen brightness by moving the joystick to the right (+ brightness) or left (- brightness).

  • Page 36

    Figure 23. To navigate between tabs move the joystick left or right. To navigate between the options within the tab move the joystick up or down. Press Exit to exit Preferences. Press Save to save changes. A brief explanation of the options available in each tab: Equipment information: ►...

  • Page 37

    Appearance Options: ► Language: Language used on menus, messages and screens. Available languages are: Spanish, Catalan, English, German, French, Czech, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Russian and Slovak. Once the new language is selected, the equipment shows a warning message and re-starts in order to load the new language.

  • Page 38

    Date Format: It allows the user to change the date format, which is the order in which is shown day (DD), month (MM) and year (YYYY or YY). Time Zone: It allows the user to select the time zone where he is. Measures Options: ►...

  • Page 39

    PIN code, then enter the new PIN. In case the user forgets the PIN, after the third attempt, a 12-digit code will appear on screen. Sending this 12 digit code to the PROMAX customer service, the user will recover the PIN.

  • Page 40: Measurement Mode

    3 MEASUREMENT MODE Introduction On the panel left side, the equipment has three functions keys, which give direct access to the three most important functions. One of them is the key MEASUREMENT that measures the signal received through the RF input connector.

  • Page 41: Screen Description

    Access the MEASUREMENT option by pressing the key. Press again to display the next view. Screen description Views for digital signals are: MEASUREMENT 1/3: FULL MEASUREMENT Figure 24. Selected installation, date and time. Measurement value of the selected parameter. Number of view/total views. Selected band, battery level.

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    MEASUREMENT 2/3: MEASUREMENT + TV + SPECTRUM Figure 25. Selected installation, date and time. Image of the locked signal. Number of view/total views. Selected band, battery level. Spectrum of the locked signal. Measurement values for the type of locked signal. Signal status (searching/locked/multiplex name).

  • Page 43: Generic Signal

    MEASUREMENT 3/3: MEASUREMENT + PARAMETERS Figure 26. Selected installation, date and time. Number of view/total views. Selected band, battery level. Demodulation parameters of the locked signal. Measurement values for the type of locked signal. Signal status (searching/locked/multiplex name). Softkeys menus. Joystick right/left It changes the selected channel/frequency.

  • Page 44: Spectrum Analyser Mode

    4 SPECTRUM ANALYSER MODE Introduction On the left side, the equipment has three function keys, which give direct access to the three most important functions. One of them is the SPECTRUM ANALYSER key that displays the signal spectrum received through the RF input connector.

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    Available views are: SPECTRUM 1/3: SPECTRUM + MEASUREMENT Figure 27. Selected installation, date and time. Number of view/total views. Joystick active mode, selected band, battery level. Measured values of the signal at the frequency/channel where is pointing the cursor. Spectrum in the band with the selected span. Centre frequency and cursor.

  • Page 46

    ∗ SPECTRUM 2/3: SPECTRUM + MEASUREMENT + TV Figure 28. Selected installation, date and time. Number of view/total views. Joystick active mode, selected band, battery level. Measured values of the signal at the frequency/channel where is pointing the cursor. Image of the tuned signal. Spectrum in the band with the selected span.

  • Page 47

    SPECTRUM 3/3: FULL SPECTRUM Figure 29. Selected installation, date and time. Number of view/total views. Joystick active mode, selected band, battery level. Spectrum in the band with the selected span. Centre frequency and cursor. It also shows the bandwidth of a digital locked signal.

  • Page 48: Full Spectrum Screen Description

    Full Spectrum screen description Figure 30. Horizontal reference line It indicates the signal level. Vertical axis It indicates the signal level. Vertical reference line It indicates the frequency. SPAN It is the frequency range displayed on the horizontal axis. The current span value appears at the bottom right of the screen. To change use the joystick (left, right) in span mode (SP) or change it by the "span"...

  • Page 49: Joystick Operation In Spectrum Analyser Mode

    Cursor Red vertical line that indicates position during the channel or frequency tuning. When a digital signal is detected, there is a triple cursor that shows the frequency for the signal locked and two vertical lines that shows the bandwidth of the digital carrier. In the case of a GENERIC signal, the bandwidth shown is the one selected by the user on the "Signal Parameters"...

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    The active mode of the joystick appears as an icon at the top right of the screen. Available modes are: Frequency tuning. ► Channel tuning. ► SPAN change. ► Marker moving. ► To change the active mode press the joystick. Figure 31.

  • Page 51: Specific Options

    Specific Options Access by the function key. It allows selecting among several parameters to display the spectrum. The advanced menu consists of the following options: Average: The user can select the amount of signal values to be used ► to set the average signal value to be displayed on screen. The larger the average value, the more stable the displayed signal appears.

  • Page 52

    Min. Hold: (Off/Permanent/Curtain). It allows the user to display the ► current signal with the minimum values measured for each frequency. The OFF option disables this function. The Curtain option displays the minimum values in green for a moment with the current signal. The Permanent option maintains minimum signal on the screen.

  • Page 53: Locking A Signal

    To edit or select any parameters of these described above, follow these instructions: Place over the option and press the joystick. The data field gets into the edit mode, indicated by the yellow background. A menu is displayed at the right with some options or if it is numeric, a number gets a black blackground.

  • Page 54: Satellite Identification

    Satellite Identification The spectrum analyser makes easier the fieldwork for engineers when working with SNG mobile units and VSAT communications, since it allows adjusting transmission-reception systems. It also has several functions to identify satellites that avoid any possibility of error. When the signal is locked it identifies the satellite and shows on screen its name.

  • Page 55: Tv Mode

    5 TV MODE Introduction On the left side of the front panel there are three functions, which give direct access to the three most important functions. One is the TV MODE key which displays the resulting image from decoding received RF signal. TV MODE, thanks to the StealthID function of automatic identification, automatically identifies and demodulates the signal received by the RF input, so the user can check the signal on the screen.

  • Page 56: Screen Description

    Screen Description 5.3.1 TV MODE: TV views Views for TV mode are: TV 1/3: FULL TV Figure 35. Selected installation; date and time. Number of view/total views. Selected band, battery level. Tuned service image. Signal status (searching/locked/multiplex name) and name of the selected service.

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    TV 2/3: TV + SPECTRUM + MEASUREMENT Figure 36. Selected installation; date and time. Number of view/total views. Selected band, battery level. Tuned service image. Spectrum. Measured values of the signal in the frequency/channel the cursor is pointing. Signal status (searching/locked/multiplex name) and name of the selected service.

  • Page 58

    TV 3/3: SCREEN TV + SERVICE DATA Figure 37. Selected installation; date and time. Tuned service image. Tuned service information. TYPE: Encoding type and video transmission rate. ► FORMAT: Resolution (horizontal x vertical), aspect ratio and ► frequency. PROFILE: Profile level. ►...

  • Page 59

    Tuned audio information. TYPE: Type of audio encoding and transmission speed ► FORMAT: Service audio format. Bit depth; sampling frequency; ► sound reproduction. LANGUAGE: Broadcasting language. ► PID: ID of the audio program. ► Signal status (searching/locked/multiplex name) and name of the selected service.

  • Page 60: Tv Mode: Radio Views

    5.3.2 TV MODE: Radio views Radio views are: RADIO 1/3: AUDIO RADIO Figure 38. RADIO 2/3: AUDIO RADIO + SPECTRUM + MEASUREMENTS Figure 39. 5-52 December 2014...

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    RADIO 3/3: AUDIO RADIO + RDS DATA Figure 40. It shows the most representative RDS data. RDS data are: Details: It has the following fields: Programme service. ► Programme Identification. ► PTY: Program type. ► UTC Time: Universal time. ► Local: Local time.

  • Page 62: Specific Options

    Specific Options Analogue Signal ► This option is available only if the detected or selected signal is ANALOGUE. Pressing the F3 key it allows selecting the type of analogue input, between antenna (via RF connector) and external (via V/A input connector). To get an external analogue signal use the A/V input (see figure Aspect Ratio...

  • Page 63: December 2014

    IRG descriptor function is available only for signals containing the carrier identifier. To access this feature: Connect the RF input signal to the equipment. Tune the channel that produces interferences. Access to TV mode. Press the Advanced menu Select the TS Data option. If the signal has a carrier identifier, this option is enabled.

  • Page 64: General Menu Options

    6 GENERAL MENU OPTIONS At the bottom of the screen four menus are accessible via the softkeys or programmable keys. It displays the channel where is pointing the cursor and gives access to the tuning menu. It displays the selected transmission standard and gives access to the signal parameters menu.

  • Page 65

    In case of tuning by channel, it allows selecting a channel from the active channel plan: Place over the Channel option and press the joystick. A box appears with all channels of the active channel plan and its frequency. Move the joystick on the box to select a channel. When finished press joystick to save the selected value or any function key to exit without saving.

  • Page 66

    Centre Frequency: This option is available only for the Spectrum Analyser ► mode. It displays the value of the central frequency on the screen. To edit: Place over the Frequency option and press the joystick. The option is highlighted in yellow to indicate it is in edit mode. Move the joystick left/right to move between the figures and up/down to change the figure.

  • Page 67

    View all services: This option only appears if the Database services ► option is enabled in the Preferences menu. This option displays a window with a list of services that have been detected in the current installation. The list shows service name, provider, SID (stream identifier) and an icon that shows its type (radio, tv) and if it is scrambled.

  • Page 68: F2: Signal Parameters

    F2: Signal Parameters Access by the function key. It allows selecting the standard transmission and displays the parameters for signal transmission. This menu allows selecting the transmission standard: Type of signal: It displays the selected standard. It allows selecting another ►...

  • Page 69: F3: Tools

    F3: Tools Access by the key. It shows the Tools menu. This menu can change depending on the type of selected standard. Tools are: Select Service: It displays the list of services available in the multiplex ► tuned, with the service name, icons that identify the service type, SID (stream identifier) and LCN (logic channel number).

  • Page 70

    MEROGRAM: This function shows a graphical representation of the ► MER level for each carrier of the locked signal, which is superimposed over time. Datalogger: It creates a file in which are stored measurements. This ► file belongs to the selected current installation. Spectrogram: This function shows a graphical representation of the ►...

  • Page 71: Tools

    7 TOOLS Constellation 7.1.1 Description The constellation diagram is a graphic representation of the digital symbols received over a period of time. There are different types of constellation diagrams according to the modulation type. In the case of an ideal transmission channel without noise or interference, all symbols are recognized by the demodulator without errors.

  • Page 72

    Constellation screen description: Figure 42. Selected installation; date and time. Constellation window. The colour scale placed at the left side indicates the signal quality in a qualitative way by a gradation of colours proportional to the density of symbols concentrated in a given area. The colour scale ranges from black (no symbols) to red (highest density).

  • Page 73: Menu Options

    7.1.3 Menu Options On the bottom of the screen there are four menus accessible via the function keys. It displays the channel / frequency where is pointing the cursor, accesses the tuning menu and allows selecting the channel plan. It displays the selected transmission standard menu and accesses the signal parameters.

  • Page 74: Lte Ingress Test

    LTE Ingress test 7.2.1 Description Long Term Evolution is a new standard for mobile networks. This mobile communication standard uses a frequency band close to the bands used by television. For this reason it can cause interferences. The LTE Ingress Test identifies this type of interferences in a television distribution system, so that they can be compared on the same screen measurements with LTE filter and without LTE filter and thus if there is any interference it can be detected and take appropriate action to fix it.

  • Page 75

    The following describes the LTE display: Figure 43. Selected installation; date and time. Elapsed time with filter ON. Measurement with filter ON: MER (minimum and maximum for channel) and power (minimum and maximum power for all the signals present in the LTE band;...

  • Page 76: Menu Options

    7.2.3 Menu options On the bottom of the screen there are four menus accessible via the function keys. It displays channel/frequency and access the tuning menu. It allows selecting the channel plan and the channel where apply the LTE ingress test. It displays the selected transmission standard menu and accesses the signal parameters.

  • Page 77

    7.3.2 Operation Echoes function is available for DVB-T, DVB-T2 and DVB-C2 signals. Connect the RF input signal to the equipment. Tune a DVB-T, DVB-T2 or DVB-C2 digital signal at the terrestrial band. Press the key (Tools). Select ECHOES. The ECHOES function of the tuned signal appears on screen. The following describes the ECHOES screen: Figure 44.

  • Page 78: Mer By Carrier

    Signal status (searching/locked/multiplex name). Softkeys menus. Joystick left/right (CHANNEL/FREQUENCY active mode): It changes the ► channel/frequency (according to the tuning type selected). Joystick up/down (ECHOES mode): It changes Zoom. ► Remember to press the joystick to change the ECHOES mode to CHANNEL mode.

  • Page 79

    7.4.2 Operation The Mer by carrier tool is available for signals with carriers: DVB-T, DVB-T2 and DVB-C2. Connect the RF input signal to the equipment. Select terrestrial band and tune a DVB-T, DVB-T2 or DVB-C2 digital signal. Press the Tools key Select Mer by carrier option.

  • Page 80: Merogram

    7.4.3 Menu options At the bottom of the screen there are three menus available via the function keys. It displays the channel/frequency where is pointing the cursor, it allows selecting channel plan and channel and access the tuning menu. It displays the selected transmission standard menu and accesses the signal parameters.

  • Page 81

    The following describes the MEROGRAM function screen: Figure 46. Selected installation; date and time. Measurement values for the signal tuned at the frequency/channel selected. Maximum level of MER. MEROGRAM graphic. Minimum level of MER. Selected band, battery level. Maximum and minimum MER value and MER average over time. Maximum and minimum value of the measure selected by the user in the option "User measure".

  • Page 82: Menu Option

    7.5.3 Menu option At the bottom of the screen there are four menus available via the function keys. It displays the channel/frequency where is pointing the cursor, it allows selecting channel plan and channel and access the tuning menu. It displays the selected transmission standard menu and accesses the signal parameters.

  • Page 83: Operation

    7.6.2 Operation The Spectrogram tool is available for all signals. Connect the RF input signal to the equipment. Select a channel or frequency. Select the SPAN within the spectrogram will be displayed. Press the Tools key Select the Spectrogram option. It shows the Spectrogram of the signal.

  • Page 84

    The following describes the SPECTROGRAM screen: Figure 47. Selected installation; date and time. Measurement values for the signal tuned at the frequency/channel selected. Spectrum over time at the selected span. Softkeys menus. Selected band, battery level. Maximum and minimum values of signal power and band power over time.

  • Page 85: Menu Options

    7.6.3 Menu options At the bottom of the screen there are four menus available via the function keys. It displays the channel/frequency where is pointing the cursor and access the tuning menu. It displays the selected transmission standard menu and accesses the signal parameters. It displays the Tools menu.

  • Page 86

    (see more details in the next section). Then it is necessary to Set References. This requires a signal generator. We recommend to use of one of the PROMAX signal generators: RP-050, RP-080, RP-110 or RP-250 (depending on the frequency band).

  • Page 87

    The following describes the Attenuation Test screen: Figure 48. Installation selected, date and time. Selected band; battery level. Status message depending on the attenuation level. Power level of the signal. Signal Frequency (MHz). Power level of the reference signal obtained when setting the reference and used to calculate the attenuation level (dBµV).

  • Page 88

    7.7.3 Menu Options In the bottom of the screen are four menu accessible via the softkeys. Exit: Exits the tool. Set Reference: Pressing this option the current power values are captured and they are assigned as reference values. Tools: It access the Tools main menu. Advanced: It access the Advanced menu.

  • Page 89: Signal Monitoring

    Signal Monitoring 7.8.1 Description This tool allows the user to monitor a locked signal over time, measuring its power, MER and C/N. All this data can be downloaded to a PC and exported to a file for later analysis. 7.8.2 Operation The Signal Monitoring tool is available for all signals.

  • Page 90: Settings

    7.8.2.1 Settings User can adjust some parameters on the Signal Monitoring: Figure 49. File name: ► User can give a name to the file where data is saved. All measurement that can be seen in the MEASUREMENT 1/3 screen (frequency, power/level, C/N, PLP identifier, MER, CBER, LBER and LM) will be stored on the data file.

  • Page 91: Screen Description

    7.8.2.2 Screen Description The following describes the Signal Monitoring screen: Figure 50. Selected installation; date and time. Spectrum. Power measurement over time (shows span time). MER and C/N measurement over time (shows span time). Signal monitoring started. LNB, Selected band; battery level. Signal information window 1: Frecuency: frequency at which signal is locked;...

  • Page 92: Menu Options

    7.8.3 Menu Options At the bottom of the screen there are four menus available via the function keys. It displays the channel/frequency where is pointing the cursor and access the tuning menu. It displays the selected transmission standard menu and accesses the signal parameters. It displays the Tools menu.

  • Page 93: Obtaining An Excel File

    7.8.4.2 Obtaining an excel file For this section, you must have at least Excel 2003 or newer version. Excel 2007 (or later) is highly recommended to avoid macro problems. First of all we need to locate the XML data file in the folder from which we want to work.

  • Page 94

    When Excel tries to open the file it will ask you the import method to open the XML data file by this way: Figure 52. You must choose the option in which a stylesheet is asked. It will appear as an option the “COVERAGE.xsl” file. Figure 53.

  • Page 95: Datalogger

    At this point, you should have an excel file with three different sheets. Each sheet corresponds to a different view of the same data: The first one will show you the generic signal information and the different coverage measures for each point acquired. In the second one, you will find the same data but presented in a table format, more user friendly for working with graphs based on each measured parameter.

  • Page 96

    It displays a menu with the "New ..." option and a list of all dataloggers at the selected installation. Select "New ..." to create a new datalogger or select the file name of an existing datalogger if the user want to save data on a specific datalogger already existing.

  • Page 97

    Figure 56. In the next window, the user can select an option to capture de service list when performing the datalogger (this option slows down the process but provides more information). Another option allows the user to enable a pause between channel plans (the process stops until the user wants to carry on).

  • Page 98

    To start the datalogger: ► After creating a new datalogger file or selecting an existing one, the user can start the datalogging process. From the datalogger viewer screen, press the "Test point" key from the menu select an existing test point using the "Jump to ..." option or "Create new ..."...

  • Page 99

    ICT respectively. It is also possible to download Datalogger files to a PC by the NetUpdate software (free download on the PROMAX website). Once downloaded, the program can generate reports with these files. This is not possible with the datalogger files exported directly to a USB (without using NetUpdate).

  • Page 100

    Cancel It cancels the datalogger. Pause It pauses datalogger until the user resumes by pressing again. Current channel plan, progress bar in the current channel plan, selected test point. Channel, frequency and Downlink. The following describes the display of data acquired: Figure 60.

  • Page 101

    Selected installation; date and time. Tab identifying the displayed test point. Current datalogger name. Selected band; battery level. Tab identifying each test point. Date and time when the datalogger was created. Number of channels locked (PASS) or not locked (FAIL) Data table with measurement data for each channel.

  • Page 102: Export Key

    Table with the measurement data for each pilot signal in the attenuation test. In order from left to right: number of pilot signal, pilot signal frequency, maximum attenuation allowed, reference level value, level value at the test point, error and signal status. 7.10 Export key 7.10.1...

  • Page 103

    Capture ► Press the Export key for one second when on screen appears the screen to be captured. The LED next to key lights. A progress bar shows the progress of the capture process. When finished, the screen is captured and the LED is OFF. Then the virtual keyboard appears with the default name assigned to the file.

  • Page 104: Explore Channel Plan

    7.11 Explore Channel Plan 7.11.1 Description This option performs a scan of the selected channel plan. It detects where active signals are in a channel plan and in which channels of the current channel plan signal is received. With this information it explores these channels with signal, looking for any broadcast and identifying them.

  • Page 105

    After the exploration the following screen appears: Figure 63. The window is divided into three areas: Spectrum and Measurement It shows the cursor scrolling through each of the channels of the channel plan. On the bottom of the screen the channel and frequency appears next to the Power/Level and the C/N ratio.

  • Page 106

    At the bottom are the function keys. They are detailed below. Cancel (during the process): This option appears only while performing the exploration process. It cancels the exploration before finish. When pressing, a confirmation message appears before cancelling. Save (at the end of the process): This option appears at the end of the exploration process.

  • Page 107: Discover Fm Stations

    7.12 Discover FM stations 7.12.1 Description The Discover FM Stations tool scans the FM band and creates a FM channel plan from scratch. Scanned frequency range is from 87 to 108 MHz. 7.12.2 Operation To scan the FM band: Connect the RF input signal to the equipment. Press the Tools key Select the Discover FM Stations option.

  • Page 108

    After the exploration the following screen appears: Figura 65. The window is divided into three areas: Spectrum and Measurement It shows the cursor scrolling through each of the channels of the FM band. On the bottom of the screen the channel and frequency appears next to the Power/Level and the C/N ratio.

  • Page 109

    At the bottom are the function keys. They are detailed below: Cancel (during the process) This option appears only while performing the exploration process. It cancels the exploration before finish. When pressing, a confirmation message appears before cancelling. Save (at the end of the process) It saves the results obtained during the exploration and selected by the user.

  • Page 110: Field Strength

    7.13 Field Strength 7.13.1 Description This function allows the equipment to work as a field strength meter, measuring dBµV per meter. To perform this type of measurement is needed to enter the calibration parameters of the antenna being used to receive the signal. 7.13.2 Operation The Field Strength tool is available for all signals received by the RF input.

  • Page 111: Configuration

    Figure 66. Once finished, return to the Tools menu and in the Field Strength option select Off. Warning: Some tools (Constellation, Echoes, MER by carrier, Merogram ...) are disabled when the Field Strength option is enabled. Remember to turn off this option if you want to use these other tools. 7.13.3 Configuration The Field Strength configuration option allows the user to enter the correction...

  • Page 112

    Data fields to be filled are: Antenna: ► Type: In this field the user can select the type of antenna between manual and any other type of antenna available. If you select the manual antenna, you must enter the correction factor by hand. If you select an antenna type then the correction factors associated with each frequency are applied.

  • Page 113: Creating And Importing Calibration Tables

    There is a template (available on the download area at PROMAX website) that can be filled and imported into the equipment (this template has been created in an Excel file; the procedure explained below only works for the Excel 2007 version and above).

  • Page 114

    Extend or contract the calibration table to the number of filled lines. After filling the calibration table, go to option "Save As -> Other Formats." In the window that appears, edit the file name in "File name". In the drop down menu "Save as type" select the "XML Data" option. Then click "Save."...

  • Page 115: Installations Management

    8 INSTALLATIONS MANAGEMENT Description The Installations Management is a program embedded in the equipment that allows the user to easily create a file (installation) to individually store and manage data for each installation. Measurements, channel plans, screenshots and any other data associated with the installation will be stored in the folder corresponding to that installation.

  • Page 116: Installation Management

    There are the following options: Load It loads the selected installation. To select a installation from the list, place the cursor on the installation and press the joystick, then press “Load” to load it. Once loaded, the name of the installation appears on the upper left corner of the screen, accompanied by the symbol , that means that is the current installation.

  • Page 117

    The window is divided into three fields: Installation data It displays information about the installation using the following fields: Name: ► Name of the current installation file. Created: ► Date and time the current installation was created. Size: ► Data size of the current installation. TER Channel Plans: ►...

  • Page 118

    The installation manager menu has four options linked with the softkeys. They are described below: Filter by type All: ► On the list of files area it shows all type of files. Screenshots: ► On the list of files area it shows all available screenshots. Channel Plans: ►...

  • Page 119: New Installation

    Installation Add Channel Plan: ► It opens a window to add a channel plan, terrestrial or satellite, to the current installation. Add Antenna: ► It allows the user to add an specific antenna between the ones available. To import an antenna refer to "Field Strength" section in chapter "Tools".

  • Page 120: Tools

    During the creation process the softkeys function are: Next (it goes to the next step), Previous (it goes to the previous step) or Cancel (it cancels the process). When finish, the new installation created will be the current installation. Tools In the list of installations, when pressing the Tools option it shows a menu with some options to edit the installation files:...

  • Page 121: Importing Data From Usb

    Importing Data from USB The data import tool allows the user to import data files in a simple way from an USB flash drive to the equipment. Data available to be imported are: Installations. Channel Plans. Antennas. How to import data from a USB flash drive: Copy the file to be imported on a flash drive and plug it into the mini- USB port using the supplied cable.

  • Page 122: Connecting To External Devices

    9 CONNECTING TO EXTERNAL DEVICES can interact with external devices, sharing information RANGER through its interfaces. Connection types are: Input/output data interface via mini-USB connector to USB memory or Video/Audio analogue output interface via V/A connector output. Video/Audio analogue input interface via V/A connector input. DiSEqC, JESS and SatCR interface via RF connector.

  • Page 123

    Press the key : Manage to access the data of the selected installation. Press : Filter by type to select the type of list to view (list of all the files, only screenshots, only channel plans, only dataloggers or only DiSEqC commands).

  • Page 124: Connecting A Computer (host) To The

    RANGER This connection allows the communication between the equipment and a computer via an USB cable or using the program NetUpdate of PROMAX. NetUpdate program can be downloaded for free from the PROMAX website. Connect the equipment to your computer using the cable CC-041 (mini USB male –...

  • Page 125: V/a Output Connector

    V/A Output Connector The V/A output connector allows connecting a video/audio analogue output signal. This connection allows you to switch between the image from the equipment to an auxiliary monitor by following these steps: Connect the jack 4V cable to the video/audio output connector s ee figure 5), ensuring that the plug is fully inserted.

  • Page 126: Rf Connector

    RF Connector DiSEqC commands: ► The RF connector allows controlling an antenna using DiSEqC commands. DiSEqC (Digital Satellite Equipment Control) is a communication protocol between the satellite receiver and the installation accessories of satellite (switches, LNBs, etc.) proposed by Eutelsat, in order to standardize the diversity of switching protocols (13 to 18 V, 22 kHz) and meet the needs of the installations for the reception of digital TV.

  • Page 127

    Press the Spectrum key to access the Spectrum analyser mode. Press the Settings key and select the satellite band. Select the polarization (horizontal/vertical) and the satellite band (high/low). If necessary, enable the Supply output and select the supply voltage for the LNB. In the option SatCR, select ON to enable it.

  • Page 128

    JESS commands: ► Through the JESS function is possible to control the devices of a TV satellite installation that are compatible with JESS technology (JULTEC Enhanced Stacking System). This technology has two main functionalities: one for configuring the JESS headends, and another for configuring the JESS sockets.

  • Page 129

    Also from option JESS, select Socket to access the configuration of JESS socket. The user can select the user bands that should be enabled for the socket and to send them to configure the socket. Figure 74. Once JESS is configured, the user, through the key "Tuning"...

  • Page 130: 10 Specifications

    10 SPECIFICATIONS 10.1 Specifications RANGER Inputs and Outputs ► Parameter Value Additional data RF Input Connector Input type F male 75 Ω Maximum Signal 130 dBμV Maximum Input Voltage 50 V rms DC to 100 Hz; powered by the AL-103 power charger 30 V rms DC to 100 Hz;...

  • Page 131: Power Supply

    No EXTERNAL supply active Recharging time 3 hours up to 80% Instrument off External Voltage 12 V DC Using only PROMAX supplied accesories Consumption 50 W Auto Power Off Programmable After the selected amount of minutes without operating on any control.

  • Page 132: Measurement Mode

    10.2 Measurement Mode DVB-T ► Parameter Value Additional data Modulation COFDM Margin of power From 35 dBμV to 115 dBμV measurement Measures Power, CBER, VBER, MER, C/N and Link margin Displayed data Numeric and level bar Carriers 2k, 8k Guard Interval 1/4, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32 Code Rate 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8...

  • Page 133

    DVB-C2 ► Parameter Value Additional data Modulation COFDM Margin of power From 45 dBμV to 115 dBμV measurement Measures Power, CBER, MER, C/N, LBER, BCH ESR, LDP Iterations and wrong packets Displayed data Numeric and level bar Carriers Guard Interval 1/64, 1/128 Bandwidth 6 and 8 MHz...

  • Page 134

    DVB-S2 ► Parameter Value Additional data Modulation QPSK, 8PSK, 16APSK, 32APSK Margin of power From 35 dBμV to 115 dBμV 8PSK: measurement 24 dBμ[email protected] GHz / 2 MSs; 34 dBμ[email protected] GHz / 27 MSs; Measures Power, CBER, LBER, MER, C/N, BCH ESR, Wrong Packets and Link Margin Displayed data Numeric and level bar...

  • Page 135: Spectrum Analyser Mode

    10.3 Spectrum Analyser Mode Digital Signal ► Parameter Value Additional data General Parameters Resolution filter 100 kHz Markers displays frequency, level indication, level difference, frequency difference Reference Level 65 dBμV to 135 dBμV Adjustable in steps of 5 dB Spectrum range Span, dynamic range and reference level are variable by means of arrow cursors...

  • Page 136

    Analogue Signal ► Parameter Value Additional data General Parameters Attenuation scale Auto-range Numerical indication Absolute value according to selected units Graphical indication Analogue bar on screen Audible indicator Pitch sound Tone with pitch proportional to signal strength Terrestrial Tuning range 5 to 1000 MHz Tuning mode Manual...

  • Page 137: Tv Mode

    10.4 TV Mode Video ► Parameter Value Additional data Codecs MPEG-1 MPEG-2 [email protected] (Main profile high level) MPEG-4 AVC H.264 High Profile Level 4.1; maximum bitrate 40 Mbps Maximum Image Size 1920x1080x60i; 1280x720x60p/50p Minimum Image Size 352x240x30p; 352x288x25p Bitrate 40 Mbps Aspect Ratio 16/9;...

  • Page 138: Tools

    10.5 Tools Constellation ► Parameter Value Additional data Type of Signal DVB-T, DVB-T2, DVB-C, DVB-C2, DSS, DVB-S and DVB-S2 Displayed data I-Q graph Echoes ► Parameter Value Additional data Type of Signal DVB-T, DVB-T2, DVB-C2 Measurement range Depends on the standard, carrier and guard interval Delay 0.1 μs to 224 μs...

  • Page 139: Options

    10.6 Options Fibre Optics ► Parameter Value Additional data Selective Optical Power Meter Optical Measure bands 1310 nm ± 50 nm; 1490 nm ± 10 nm; 1550 nm ± 15 nm Connector FC/APC Measurement Dinamic - 49,9 dBm to +10 dBm Accuracy ±...

  • Page 140: 11 Maintenance

    11 MAINTENANCE 11.1 Considerations about the Screen This paragraph offers key considerations regarding the use of the colour screen, taken from the specifications of the manufacturer. In the TFT display, the user may find pixels that do not light up or pixels that are permanently lit.

  • Page 141

    Cleaning the plastic case The equipment has to be disconnected before cleaning the case. The case must be cleaned with a solution of neutral soap and water, using a soft cloth dampened with this solution. Before use, the equipment has to be completely dry. Never clean with...

  • Page 142: Annex 1 Signals Description

    ANNEX 1 SIGNALS DESCRIPTION A1.1 DIGITAL signals Digital TERRESTRIAL Television FIRST Generation A1.1.1 (DVB-T standard/COFDM modulation) DVB-T Parameters Channel Bandwidth ► This parameter affects the frequency separation of the carriers. Its value is 6 MHz, 7 MHz or 8 MHz. Spectral inversion ►...

  • Page 143

    DVB-T Measurements Power Measured power over the entire bandwidth of the channel. Carrier/Noise ratio, where C is the received power of the modulated carrier signal and N is the received noise power. To measure it correctly the channel should be tuned at its centre frequency. Modulation error ratio with link margin (LM).

  • Page 144

    Digital TERRESTRIAL Television SECOND Generation A1.1.2 (DVB-T2 standard/COFDM modulation) The DVB-T2 demodulator version allows working with Base (standard version) and Lite (mobile devices version) profiles. DVB-T2 Parameters Channel Bandwidth ► This parameter affects the frequency separation of the carriers. Its value is 6 MHz, 7 MHz or 8 MHz.

  • Page 145

    DVB-T2 Measurements Power Measured power over the entire bandwidth of the channel. (Carrier/Noise) where C is the received power of the modulated carrier signal and N is the noise power received. To measure it correctly the channel should be tuned at its centre frequency. PLP id It is the PLP identifier.

  • Page 146

    Digital SATELLITE Television FIRST Generation A1.1.3 (DVB-S standard/QPSK modulation) DVB-S Parameters Channel Bandwidth ► It displays the channel bandwidth from 1.3 MHz to 60.75 MHz. Spectral inversion ► It detects if the input signal has been inverted. Symbol Rate ► It represents the number of times that the signal status changes in a period of time.

  • Page 147

    DVB-S Measurements Power Measured power over the entire bandwidth of the channel. Carrier/Noise ratio where C is the received power of the modulated carrier signal and N is the noise power received. To measure it correctly the channel should be tuned at its centre frequency. Modulation Error ratio with indication of Link Margin (LM).

  • Page 148

    Digital SATELLITE television signal of SECOND generation A1.1.4 (DVB-S2 standard/QPSK/8PSK modulation) DVB-S2 Parameters Channel Bandwidth ► It displays the channel bandwidth from 1.3 MHz to 60.75 MHz. Spectral inversion ► It detects if the input signal has been inverted. Symbol Rate ►...

  • Page 149

    Modulation Error ratio. MER represents the ratio between the average power of the DVB signal and the average noise power of the signal constellation. Next to the MER appears the Link Margin (LM) measurement. The LM is equivalent to the noise margin (NM) and indicates the distance to the QEF (usually defined as a one lost packet per hour).The LM is measured in dB and its value corresponds to the safety margin that separates from the QEF.

  • Page 150

    Digital CABLE television signal of FIRST generation A1.1.5 (DVB-C standard/QAM modulation) DVB-C Parameters Bandwidth channel ► It displays the channel bandwidth up to 9.2 MHz. Spectral inversion ► It detects if the input signal has been inverted. Symbol Rate ► It represents the number of times the signal status changes in a period of time.

  • Page 151

    DVB-C Measurements Power Measured power over the entire bandwidth of the channel. Carrier/Noise ratio where C is the received power of the modulated carrier signal and N is the noise power received. To measure it correctly the channel should be tuned at its centre frequency. Modulation Error ratio with indication of Link Margin(LM).The link margin indicates the safety margin respect to the MER level , measured for the degradation of the signal up to the QEF (Quasi Error Free) value.

  • Page 152

    Digital CABLE television signal of SECOND generation A1.1.6 (DVB-C2 standard/COFDM modulation) DVB-C2 Parameters Channel Bandwidth ► It is the channel bandwidth between 6 MHz, 7 MHz and 8 MHz. Spectral inversion ► It detects if the input signal has been inverted. Guard Interval ►...

  • Page 153

    DVB-C2 Measurements Power Measured power over the entire bandwidth of the channel. Carrier/Noise ratio where C is the received power of the modulated carrier signal and N is the noise power received. To measure it correctly the channel should be tuned at its centre frequency. Modulation Error ratio with indication of Link Margin(LM).The link margin indicates the safety margin respect to the MER level , measured for the degradation of the signal up to the QEF (Quasi Error Free) value.

  • Page 154

    A1.2 ANALOGUE signals Terrestrial band A1.2.1 Analogue TV In the measurement of analogue signals in terrestrial band, measurements available are: LEVEL ► Indication of the carrier level of the tuned video. ► Ratio between the modulated signal power and noise power for the same bandwidth (depending on TV standard).The modulation error ratio (MER), used in digital systems is analogue to the Signal-Noise (S/N) ratio in analogue systems.

  • Page 155

    Satellite band A1.2.2 Analogue TV In the measurement mode of analogue signals in the satellite band, measures available are: Level ► Measurement of the tuned carrier level. ► Ratio between the modulated signal power and noise power equivalent to the same bandwidth (as TV standard).The modulation error ratio (MER), used in digital systems is analogue to the Signal-Noise (S/N) ratio in analogue systems.

  • Page 156: Annex 2 How To Point A Dish Antenna

    ANNEX 2 HOW TO POINT A DISH ANTENNA A2.1 INSTALLING A SATELLITE DISH USING RANGER A bit of history A2.1.1 That's it, a bit of history. First artificial satellite "Sputnik I" was launched 4th of December of 1957 by former Soviet Union. It was about the size of a basketball with a weight below 100 Kgrs but went down in history as the start point for the space age.

  • Page 157

    The antenna used to receive the test transmission from Telstar I was a huge horn inside a bubble radome 48 metres high. Only four decades later we have broken all records and we have high power DBS geostationary satellites carrying a lot of digital transponders on board and we start to worry about space junk having thousands of satellites in orbit, plenty of them beyond its useful life.

  • Page 158

    Figure A2.4. The LNB (Low Noise Block-converter) is an active device fruit of the great evolution of RF circuit manufacturing and includes amplifiers, oscillators and frequency converters in a small low cost package. The first section is made of a device called polarisation shifter that receives one polarisation or the other depending on the supply voltage given to the LNB.

  • Page 159

    Figure A2.5. An example of LNB(Low Noise Block-converter) Coarse dish alignment A2.1.3 We can use different techniques to find out where in the sky the satellite we want is located. They can be anything from a pure guessing game to a sophisticated procedure.

  • Page 160

    With this information in hand we can calculate the elevation and azimuth we should put on the dish to begin our coarse antenna alignment. There are formulas to do that but some websites are again quite useful. There are also free mobile applications, as Dish Aligner, which calculates the elevation and azimuth and also your current location determined by the GPS of the mobile phone.

  • Page 161

    Knowing what satellite we are on A2.1.4 And the comes into action. Our dish is now more ore less RANGER "looking" in the direction where we presume our "bird" is parked. With the connected to the output of the LNB we select satellite frequency RANGER range, antenna alignment mode, span of 200 MHz and set the power supply voltage to one of the possible values.

  • Page 162

    Fine tuning the dish A2.1.5 Once we know for certain that we are on ASTRA 19E it is time to make fine adjustments to the dish to optimise the alignment. There are two goals to achieve. On the one hand we want to receive the maximum amount of power possible and on the other hand we need to make sure we minimise the interference from the crossed polarisation.

  • Page 163

    Look what we’ve got A2.1.7 can also display the free to air programs available in the RANGER satellite. That is very practical not so much for the picture itself but for amount of interesting data related to the transponders we can display as well. This includes: Tuned video information.

  • Page 164: Annex 3 Diseqc Commands

    ANNEX 3 DiSEqC COMMANDS A3.1 DiSEqC introduction The DiSEqC (Digital Satellite Equipment Control) is an open protocol created by Eutelsat in 1997 as a communication standard between satellite TV receivers and external peripherals. The DiSEqC communications are based on the control commands, which travel combined with power voltage through the coaxial cable that leads the TV signal.

  • Page 165

    Note: The LNB accept a very wide range of values for these voltages, usually 10-14.5V (for 13V) and 15.5-20V (for 18V). In the , the band and the polarisation selection can be done from RANGER different menus (all the different ways indicate dare equivalent): Menu Line External units power supply...

  • Page 166

    Command Selected input SAT A Satellite 1 SAT B Satellite 2 These switchers are transparent to the LNB's (13V, 18V, 22 kHz) commutation commands. Then, once chosen the satellite with the SAT command, the corresponding LNB can be used in a normal way. (see Universal LNB). Note: There are switchers of 2 inputs and 1 output in which other DiSEqC commands are used, such as POSITION or OPTION, to allow more complex assemblies.

  • Page 167

    DiSEqC Switcher with 4 inputs and 1 output A3.4.3 Figure A3. 3. This switcher allows the signal reception from four independent Universal LNBs (coming from 4 different satellites) on a single receiver. As it is possible to observe in the attached scheme, there are “OPTION” and “POSITION”...

  • Page 168

    A3.5 In the collective facilities The most frequent satellite signal distribution system in the small collective facilities is the “BIS-switched”. This technology implies to use the “Quattro” type LNBs (not to confuse with the “QUAD” type) and also supports specific multiswitches for this type of facilities.

  • Page 169

    Examples of multiswitch ► SAT Inputs TER Inputs Satellites Terminals Multiswitch 9/4 Multiswitch 5/16 Multiswitch 17/16 … … … … … We will not consider the input of terrestrial TV, since this does not take part in the satellite signal. Also the following indicated examples do not show more than a single output.

  • Page 170

    Multiswitch (2 Satellites) A3.5.2 Figure A3. 7. This type of multiswitch is used usually to switch the Astra 19º and Hotbird 13º satellites. As in the previous case, if for a certain satellite it is desired to change of band or polarisation, it is not sufficient with changing the corresponding parameter, but in addition it is necessary to send the command SAT A/B corresponding to cause the switching (even if one does not change of satellite).

  • Page 171

    Multiswitch (4 Satellites) A3.5.3 Figure A3. 8. This type of multiswitch allows to distribute the signal coming from 4 different satellites. It uses a combination of OPTION, POSITION, Polarisation and Band commands. The equipment allows to use easily this type of multiswitch thanks to the «...

  • Page 172

    Band Polarization Command Satellite Horizontal OPT/POS B-A Satellite-3 Vertical OPT/POS B-A Satellite-3 High Horizontal OPT/POS B-A Satellite-3 High Vertical OPT/POS B-A Satellite-3 Horizontal OPT/POS B-B Satellite-4 Vertical OPT/POS B-B Satellite-4 High Horizontal OPT/POS B-B Satellite-4 High Vertical OPT/POS B-B Satellite-4 A3.6 DiSEqC programs and commands in the RANGER...

  • Page 173

    Programs ► There are eight predefined programs that execute basic functions to control an universal switch with two or four inputs. It also has more programs that control installations with 8 or 16 satellite antennas using SPAUN devices or switches Commited/Uncommited.

  • Page 174: Remote Control Commands

    ANNEX 4 REMOTE CONTROL COMMANDS Introduction A4.1 The design of based on a microprocessor, allows data to be RANGER exchanged between the equipment and a remote controller (usually a personal computer) via USB. By this way, data can be obtained from the equipment and also control it remotely.

  • Page 175

    Operation Mode A4.3 accepts remote commands at any time, which the RANGER instrument is on. That is, it is not necessary to put the instrument in special remote control mode; rather, this mode is selected immediately when it detects a complete command during the time necessary for its execution.

  • Page 176

    Commands should always be sent in capital letter and cannot be edited online, i.e., once a character is received it is stored in the buffer and RANGER cannot be rectified by sending an erase code. Commands in remote control are divided into two groups, orders and interrogations.

  • Page 177

    Remote commands table A4.5 Remote Commands Short Description BATTERY It provides information about the battery actual status CAPTURE It makes and read screen captures CAPTURE READ It reads a file with the current screen capture DISEQC It gets a list of available diseqc programs and can send a specific one EQUIPMENT POWER It shutdowns the equipment...

  • Page 178

    Name BATTERY Description: It provides information about the battery current status. Question: ?BATTERY parameter Response: BATTERY parameter_resp parameter parameter_resp Description parameter_resp <empty LEVEL, It provides a complete set of > PERCENT, TIME, information about the battery SMART current status (see BATTERY, following parameters for an CHARGER...

  • Page 179

    Name CAPTURE READ Description: It reads a file with the current screen capture (see command CAPTURE) Question: ?CAPTURE BLOCK=bbbb <CR> Response: CAPTURE SIZE= size bbbb Description bbbb bbbb is the number of bytes sent in each data block. The file data is sent in blocks, every block is confirmed with an ACK.

  • Page 180

    Name EQUIPMENT POWER OFF Description It shutdowns the equipment Order EQUIPMENT POWEROFF Name EQUIPMENT SN Description It provides the serial number of the equipment Question ?EQUIPMENT SN EQUIPMENT SN = equipment_resp Response equipment_resp Description equipment_resp Unique numeric code that identifies the equipment Name INSTALLATION...

  • Page 181

    Name INSTALLATION CURRENT Description It provides information about the current installation Question ?INSTALLATION CURRENT current=nn Response INSTALLATION NAME=current_resp current Description nn Description (decimal value) current_resp <empty> <empty> Available data from the current installation TER-CH Terrest. channel Terrestrial channel plan plan index name with “nn”...

  • Page 182

    Name INSTALLATION CURRENT REMOVE Description It removes the files of the same type in the current installation Order INSTALLATION CURRENT REMOVE tag=name Description tag SPECTRUM Spectrum capture file TER-CH Terrestrial channel plan file SAT-CH Satellite channel plan file DISEQC_PROGRAM DISEQC program file Print screens file CONSTELLATION Constellation capture file...

  • Page 183

    Name INSTALLATION FILE Description It reads an “xml” file of the current installation and sends it to a Question ?INSTALLATION CURRENT tag=name BLOCK=bbbb Response INSTALLATION SIZE=size Description tag SPECTRUM It reads spectrum captures in the current installation TER-CH It reads terrestrial channel plans in the current install SAT-CH It reads satellite channel plans in the...

  • Page 184

    Name INSTALLATION FILE ZIP Description It reads an “xml” file of the current installation and sends all the installation files zipped to a PC Question ?INSTALLATION CURRENT ZIP BLOCK=bbbb Response INSTALLATION SIZE=size bbbb Description bb Byte (nnn decimal) size to which the file will be divided to be send size Description size...

  • Page 185

    Name INSTALLATION PC ZIP Description It sends a file from a PC to the equipment zipped with all files of the installation Order INSTALLATION ZIP NAME=name SIZE=size BLOCK=bbbb name Description name abcd Name (“abcd”) of the installation size Description size Byte (nnn decimal) size of the file when send bbbb Description bbbb...

  • Page 186

    Name Description It provides / configures the LNB output Question ?LNB lnb Response LNB lnb = lnb_resp Description lnb_resp OUTPUT Current selected output ENABLE LNB enable (ON) or disabled (OFF) VOLTAGE Last measurement of the LNB output voltage CURRENT Last measurement of the LNB output current AVAILABLE Available output with the current...

  • Page 187

    Name Description It provides/configures the LTE filter status Question ?LTE Response LTE lte_resp lte_resp Description lte_resp LTE filter enabled LTE filter disabled Configuration LTE lte_conf lte_conf Description lte_conf It enables the LTE filter It disables the LTE filter Name MEASURE Description It provides information of all active measurements Question...

  • Page 188

    Name MODE Description It provides/sets the operation mode of the equipment Question ?MODE Response MODE mode_resp mode_resp Description mode_resp TV mode TV+SP+MEASURE TV mode with spectrum and measurements TV+PARAMETERS TV mode with TS parameters Spectrum mode SP+MEASURE Spectrum mode with measurement SP+MEASURE+TV Spectrum mode with TV and measurement...

  • Page 189

    Name PRINT SCREEN Description It makes a screenshot in PNG format Configuration PRINT SCREEN=printscreen_conf =printscreen_conf Description =printscreen_conf <empty> It gives a name by default =abc It gives the name “abc” Name Description It provides / sets services Question ?PSI Response PSI STATUS=status_resp NUMBER= number_resp ONID=onid NID=nid TSID=tsid NETWORK=name status_resp...

  • Page 190

    Name PSI SERVICE Description It provides / configures services Question ?PSI SERVICE=service service Description service CURRENT Current service Index of service Response PSI SERVICE=ss NAME=name PROVIDER=provider SID=sid TYPE=type SCRAMBLED=lcn response Description response CURRENT for current service or index of service. name Service name provider...

  • Page 191

    Question ?PSI SERVICE=CURRENT VIDEO PSI PID=pid BITRATE=bitrate TYPE=type RESOLUTION=resolution Response FORMAT=format FRAME=frame PROFILE=profile response Description response PID number bitrate Bitrate in kbps type Type of video (MPEG-2,H264,...). resolution Resolution of video. format frame Format of video (16:9/4:3...) profile Freq Profile level Question ?PSI SERVICE=xx VIDEO Response...

  • Page 192

    Name Description It provides/sets date and time Question ?RTC rtc Response RTC rtc=rtc_resp rtc_resp Description rtc_resp DATE=date It shows current date, time and TIME=time date format FORMAT=format TIME hh:mm:ss Hours:minutes:seconds DATE DD/MM/YYYY day/month/year DD/MM/YY day/month/year (last two digits) MM/DD/YYYY month/day/year YYYY/MM/DD year/month/day FORMAT...

  • Page 193

    Name SIGNAL Description It provides/configures the signal type Question ?SIGNAL signal Response SIGNAL signal=signal_resp signal Description signal_resp TYPE Signal standard type Current code rate BANDWIDTH Signal bandwidth Signal symbol rate Spectral inversion enabled (ON) or disabled (OFF) MODE Measurement of the FFT in a COFDM modulation Measurement of the guard interval CONSTELLATION...

  • Page 194

    Name SPECTRUM Description It configures the span and/or the reference level Configuration SPECTRUM spectrum=spectrum_config spectrum spectrum_config Description spectrum_config nn.n Value (nn.n) of the reference level in units of the current band SPAN nnnF nnn= span value number F= Order of magnitude for the span.

  • Page 195

    Name TUNE Description It provides/configures the frequency Question ?TUNE Response TUNE BAND=band_resp FREQ= freq_resp band_resp Description band_resp Terrestrial band Satellite band freq_resp Description freq_resp nnnK nnn=Number value for the frequency; K= (kHz) Configuration TUNE BAND= band_conf FREQ= freq_conf band_conf Description band_conf Terrestrial band Satellite band freq_conf...

  • Page 196

    Name TUNE CH Description It provides/configures the channel Question ?TUNE CH Response TUNE BAND= band_resp PLAN=plan_ resp CH= ch_ resp band_resp Description band_resp It means that channel belongs to the terrestrial band It means that channel belongs to the satellite band plan_resp Description plan_resp...

  • Page 197: Optical Option Op-001-ps

    ANNEX 5 OPTICAL OPTION OP-001-PS A5.1 GENERAL A5.1.1 Description This annex contains operating instructions for the next option: OP-001-PS: Selective Optical Power Meter + Optical to RF Selective Converter. The evolution of the telecommunications market, more and more demanding in quality standards, speed, services and so on and also economical and competitiveness factors...

  • Page 198

    A5.2 DESCRIPTION OF INTERNAL OPERATION The selective meter consists, in first place, of a selective triple filter for 1310, 1490 and 1550 nm signals. The filter separates each wavelength and each one leads to an independent circuit with a photosensor, which obtains the RF signal that it carries.

  • Page 199

    A5.3 Fibre optical test A5.3.1 Description The optical function of this module allows the user to certify a telecommunication installation by calibrating the signals at the installation and then measuring them in each of the user access points. with optical module can measure simultaneously and in a RANGER selective way the three wavelengths used in optical fibre (1310, 1490 and 1550 nm).

  • Page 200

    Next it is shown the screen to perform the fibre optic test: Figure A5.3. Status message depending on the level of attenuation. Power level of the signal. Wavelength of the signal (nm). Power level of the reference signal, which is used to calibrate and calculate the attenuation level (dBm).

  • Page 201

    A5.3.3 Menu options for the Fibre Optical Test tool On the bottom of the screen there are three menus accessible via the function keys. It exits the tool. When pressing this key it uses the current values of power as a reference values. It accesses the Advanced menu.

  • Page 202

    Step 1. Capturing reference measurements. ► Connect the SC pigtail end connector to the PROLITE-105 output connector. Connect the FC end of the pigtail to the optical input of the (see figure below). RANGER RANGER Turn on the PROLITE-105 and the In the , from the SPECTRUM or MEASUREMENT RANGER...

  • Page 203

    Step 2. Attenuation Test Measurement. ► Connect the PROLITE-105 in a source node of the transmission optical network, example free strip main telecommunications cabinet of the building. Keep the PROLITE-105 in simultaneous mode for generating signals, so it SIMULTANEOUSLY generates all three wavelengths (1310 nm, 1490 nm and 1550 nm).

  • Page 204

    A5.4 Selective optical to RF converter A5.4.1 Description The selective optical to RF converter has a filter that separates each wavelength and directs it to an independent circuit with a photosensor, which obtains the RF signal that carries. The RF signal obtained for each wavelength passes to a band switch.

  • Page 205

    A5.4.2 Operation Signal connection to use this option is as follows: Figure A5.6. Upper panel of (with this option installed). RANGER Pigtail adapter (supplied with the module) with input optical signal. Cable (supplied with this expansion module) with RF signal. FC—APC input connector for optical signal.

  • Page 206

    A5.4.3 Configuration for the selective optical to RF converter After the connection is made, the user can use the equipment for measurement of optical signals as if they were RF signals. Steps to measure a signal are as follows: Press the Settings key and select the corresponding band, whether terrestrial (for optical link) or satellite (for optical LNB).

  • Page 207: Annex 6 Signal Coverage Option Op-001-gps

    ANNEX 6 SIGNAL COVERAGE OPTION OP-001-GPS GENERAL A6.1 Description A6.1.1 This annex contains operating instructions for the next option: OP-001-GPS: Signal coverage analysis with GPS for RANGER This option allows the user to check signal coverage by measuring its power, MER and C/N.

  • Page 208

    After settings, access the Advanced menu and press on Start to start the signal coverage analysis. In Automatic mode, the equipment takes samples automatically according to settings (see next section). In Manual mode each time the user presses the joystick the equipment takes a sample. Measurement are linked to the GPS reference.

  • Page 209

    Mode: ► There are two options: Continuous or Manual. In continuous mode a sample is taken automatically every sample time. In manual mode a sample is taken every time that user presses the joystick. Sample Time: ► Time between acquisitions. Only when working in continuous mode. Minimum time is 1 second.

  • Page 210

    Description of signal coverage screen A6.2.3 The following describes the Signal Coverage screen: Figure A6.2. Selected installation; date and time. The “Current installation” in green indicates the system has locked the GPS signal. The “Current installation” in red indicates that the system has not locked the GPS signal. Spectrum.

  • Page 211

    Signal information window 3: Elapsed: Time elapsed since the beginning of the coverage study. Samples: Samples taken since the beginning of the coverage study. Space left: Space left in the memory to save data. GPS status: It shows if the GPS receiver is locked or unlocked. Latitude, Longitude: It shows the latitude and longitude at the current position, if GPS is locked.

  • Page 212

    GPS Status: It shows a list and a graph with satellites detected to locate the ► GPS signal. It is also provided additional data such as longitude, latitude, date and universal time, visible satellites and GPS status (locked or not). Figure A6.3.

  • Page 213

    Choose the option “Open with” and then select Excel 2007 (or the available version) Figure A6.4. When Excel tries to open the file it will ask you the import method to open the XML data file by this way: Figure A6.5. December 2014...

  • Page 214

    You must choose the option in which a stylesheet is asked. It will appear as an option the “COVERAGE.xsl” file. Figure A6.6. Now Excel is opening the XML data file using the format that the XSL file is providing. This step could take few seconds depending on the size of the XML data file.

  • Page 215

    Presenting measurements in Google Earth A6.3.3 For this process Google Earth must be installed on the computer and internet connection will be needed. Open a web browser and then search for a converter from Excel file to KML file, for instance, googling “excel to kml” (a kind of XML file used by Google Earth) We propose this one (and this is the one we will explain in detail in the following example explanation).

  • Page 216

    Click on the BROWSE icon: Figure A6.8. A new window will appear in which you will be able to search the Excel file you saved in the step number 9 of the previous section of this document. Figure A6.9. After doing the file selection click on the option VIEW ON GOOGLE EARTH: Figure A6.10.

  • Page 217

    The web page will perform the file conversion and then will ask if you want to save the resulting file or just open it using Google Earth software. Select OPEN WITH Google Earth. Figure A6.11. Google Earth will try to open the three different excel sheet explained before in this document (see step 8 from Excel opening process for XML data file in the previous section of this document).

  • Page 218

    Disable the first and the second sheets for a more comfortable view, and click over the third one. Figure A6.13. The yellow flag symbol mark the first and the last coverage measure point. The other measurement points will be presented as a C symbol. Figure A6.14.

  • Page 219: Annex 7 Option Dab/dab+ Op-001-dab

    ANNEX 7 OPTION DAB/DAB+ OP-001-DAB A7.1 GENERAL A7.1.1 Description This annex contains instructions for the following option: OP-001-DAB: DAB/DAB+ signal analysis. This option allows the user to detect, measure, analyse and visualise digital radio DAB and DAB+ . The DAB (Digital Audio Broadcasting) is a digital radio standard, designed for both home and portable receivers to broadcast terrestrial and satellite audio and also data.

  • Page 220

    A7.1.3 MEASUREMENT Mode Views for DAB/DAB+ signal in MEASUREMENT mode are: Figure A7 1. Measurement 1/3 Figure A7 2. Measurement 2/3 Figure A7 3. Measurement 3/3 December 2014...

  • Page 221

    A7.1.4 SPECTRUM ANALYSER Mode Views for DAB/DAB+ signal in MEASUREMENT mode are: Figure A7 4. Spectrum 1/3 Figure A7 5. Spectrum 1/3 Figure A7 6. Spectrum 1/3 December 2014...

  • Page 222

    A7.1.5 TV Mode Views for DAB/DAB+ signal in TV mode are: Figure A7 7. TV 1/3 Figure A7 8. TV 2/3 Figure A7 9. TV 3/3 December 2014...

  • Page 223: Annex 8 Multimedia Content

    ANNEX 8 MULTIMEDIA CONTENT Next it is the list with all the links of the multimedia content in the user's manual: TITLE LINK Introducing the HD RANGER + http://youtu.be/XpNxlOSfkf0 Navigating through the menus http://youtu.be/Zm_QT-_qtY4 Switching satellite/terrestrial bands http://youtu.be/ecv1P0Cf_fI Manual input of frequencies http://youtu.be/81l5ezO4cgg http://youtu.be/xuv9ESed_Ak DVB-S2 multi stream decoding...

  • Page 224

    PROMAX ELECTRONICA, S. L. Francesc Moragas, 71-75 08907 L’HOSPITALET DE LLOBREGAT (Barcelona) SPAIN Tel. : 93 184 77 00 Tel. Intl. : (+34) 93 184 77 02 Fax : 93 338 11 26 Fax Intl. : (+34) 93 338 11 26 http://www.promaxelectronics.com...



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